Pehea e ʻume ai i nā mea kūʻai aku i ka ʻoihana ʻoihana?

Me ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana o ka nohona o ka poʻe, ua lilo ka meaʻai i meaʻai i mea nui i ka papaʻai a ka poʻe. Ma waho o ka hāʻawi ʻana i ke kino o ke kanaka me kahi kekelē o ka wela, hāʻawi pū ia i nā meaola kūpono no ka ulu a me ka ulu ʻana o ke kanaka a mālama i ke olakino.

1. Nā huahana ʻai hana
Pili ia i nā huahana ʻiʻo me kekahi mau lawelawe mālama olakino, nā kumuwaiwai a me nā mea hoʻoikaika i ka meaʻai, i hoʻohui ʻia i nā huahana iʻa kuʻuna ma o nā halihali kūpono, a ʻaʻole e hoʻopili ʻia e ke kiʻekiʻe wela, kaomi kiʻekiʻe a me ka waiwai pH i ke kaʻina hana. Hiki i ka mea mālama kūlohelohe kaʻai kūlohelohe maoli (preservative) ke hoʻokō i kekahi kumu mālama ola ma hope o ka ʻai ʻana. Pehea e hoʻohana piha ai i nā kumuwaiwai e kū nei e hoʻomohala i nā huahana meaʻai hana me ka calorie haʻahaʻa, haʻahaʻa nitrate a me ka paʻakai liʻiliʻi, hiki ke mālama i ka hana o ke kino, hoʻomaikaʻi i ka pale ʻana, hoʻolohi i ka ʻelemakule a hoʻonui i ka hoʻoikaika kino, kahi kumuhana hou i kū i ka ulu ʻana o kahi hou nā huahana ʻiʻo ma Kina.

2. Nā huahana ʻai wela haʻahaʻa
Ma muli o nā ʻano papaʻai like ʻole a me ke kaulana o nā huahana meaʻai Kina e like me ka sausage ham, ke hoʻomalu mau ʻia nei ka hanana o nā huahana iʻa ma Kina e nā huahana ʻai mehana a me nā wela kiʻekiʻe. Ma ka mākeke Kepanī, ʻo ka mahele o ʻekolu mau ʻano o nā huahana ʻai haʻahaʻa-wela (bacon, ham, sausage) i ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka home e like me 90%, a ʻo nā huahana ʻai haʻahaʻa-wela ka mea kūʻai nui. I ka wā o ka hana ʻana o nā huahana ʻai haʻahaʻa-wela, hoʻoliʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi ʻia ka protein, paʻa paʻa ka ʻiʻo, lahilahi, ʻūlū, palupalu, momona a momona, hiki ke mālama i ka meaʻai kumu a me ka ʻono kūpuna i ka nui loa. ʻOi aku ia ma mua o nā huahana iʻa wela kiʻekiʻe i ka maikaʻi. Me ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana o nā kūlana nohona o ka poʻe a me ka hoʻoikaika ʻana i ka manaʻo papaʻai olakino, loaʻa i nā huahana ʻai haʻahaʻa-mahana ke kūlana koʻikoʻi i ka mākeke ʻai. I nā makahiki i hala aku nei, aloha nui ʻia nā huahana ʻai haʻahaʻa e ka nui o nā mea kūʻai aku, a ua lilo ia i wahi wela i ka ʻai ʻana i nā huahana iʻa.

3. ʻO Catering
I kēia manawa, ke puka mau nei nā mana hou, nā hōʻano hou a me ka ʻai hou, a ʻo nā mea kūʻai nui i ka mākeke nā post-80s, keu hoʻi i nā post-90s. Aia he 450 miliona mau kānaka ma Kina, e helu ana ma kahi o ka hapakolu o ka huina heluna kanaka. Loaʻa iā lākou ka mana kūʻai ikaika a ikaika. Ua heleleʻi ka manawa hana maʻamau i ka lumi kuke o ka pou-80s a me 90s mai 1 hola i kēlā me kēia capita i 20 mau minuke, a hana pinepine lākou i nā kīʻaha semi-hoʻopau. ʻAʻole kuke ka poʻe he nui ma ka home, a ua lilo i mea maʻamau ka ʻai ʻana i waho a me ke kauoha ʻana i nā meaʻai. I ka manawa like, ke hōʻike nei ka noi koi o ke kaiāulu holoʻokoʻa i kahi ʻano o ka leʻaleʻa. E lawe mai kēia mau mea āpau i nā loli nui i ka ʻoihana lawelawe meaʻai a me ka ʻoihana hana meaʻai, e hoʻomaikaʻi ana i ka hanana huahana, ke ʻano o ka ʻoihana, ʻono a me ka ʻono, hana maʻamau a me nā ʻano ʻē aʻe i lilo i mau pepa ninaninau e pono ai. ʻO nā koi maʻamau o ka lawe ʻana i ka lawelawe pūnaewele i mea ʻono, wikiwiki a maʻalahi hoʻi. Pono kēia i ka maʻalahi o ka hana a ka mea kuke a me ka standardization o ka ʻono ipu. ʻO ka hana mua ʻana + ka hoʻā ʻana, ka waiho ʻana o ka papa a me ka wī ʻana i maʻalahi ka ʻaoʻao hou o ka hana ʻana i nā huahana meaʻai i ka wā e hiki mai ana, e like me ka ipu wela, ʻai maʻalahi, meaʻai wikiwiki, ʻaina kakahiaka a me nā huahana ʻiʻo ʻē aʻe.

Me ka lohi o ka lohi o ke ola leʻaleʻa, ke hoʻonui nei ka ʻai ʻana o ka meaʻai leʻaleʻa, a ua lilo ia i ʻano ʻano o ka hoʻohana i kēia lā kaiāulu. Hoʻonui wikiwiki ka kūʻai kūʻai aku ʻana i ka mākeke me ka ulu ulu o 30% - 50% i kēlā me kēia makahiki. ʻEhā mau ʻano ʻai o ka wā leʻaleʻa mea ʻai: ʻono, meaʻai, ʻoluʻolu a me nā loea. ʻO nā mea kūʻai aku i nā huahana ʻai leʻaleʻa e komo pū me nā keiki, ʻōpio, nā limahana keʻokeʻo o nā kūlanakauhale, nā mākua a me nā ʻelemākule. I waena o lākou, ʻo nā kamaliʻi, nā ʻōpio a me nā limahana keʻokeʻo o ke kūlanakauhale ka ikaika nui o ka hoʻohana a i ʻole nā ​​mea hoʻolaha o nā huahana hou, a ikaika ka hiki ke ʻae ʻia ke kumukūʻai. ʻO ka ʻono ka ʻuhane o nā huahana mea ʻai leʻaleʻa a me ka mea kaua make loa e ʻumeʻume ai i nā mea kūʻai aku. ʻO nā ʻono maʻamau o nā huahana meaʻai (moa, puaʻa, pipi, iʻa, barbecue, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe) paʻakikī e hoʻokō i nā pono o ka ʻai leʻaleʻa, no laila ʻo ka mea hou o ka ʻono ka mea nui.

He moʻolelo lōʻihi nā huahana meaʻai kuʻuna Kina ma mua o 3000 mau makahiki. Ma o kahi mōʻaukala lōʻihi, mai ka ʻūlū iʻa maka i ka hoʻomoʻa ʻana i ka ʻiʻo kuke, ua ulu mālie nā huahana ʻiʻo Kina. I ke kau waena o ke kenekulia 19, ua hoʻolauna ʻia nā huahana meaʻai i ke komohana i Kina, e hana ana i kahi hanana kahi e noho ai a hoʻomohala ʻia ai ʻelua mau ʻano meaʻai.


Ka manawa Post: Sep-20-2020